The U.S. Constitution requires state legislatures to re-draw legislative districts every 10 years following the U.S. Census count. Typically, majority parties draw maps to benefit their incumbents and punish the minority and plans passed in 2012 by the Democratic-controlled House and Republican-controlled Senate did just that.
But those plans gerrymandered districts to do so and were declared unconstitutional. This spring, the Democratic-controlled House passed a map for House districts but the Senate did not act on it or pass one of its own.
Gov. Steve Beshear has called a special session beginning Monday to pass a redistricting plan while two separate groups have filed federal lawsuits over the lack of a new legislative map.